Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Tales of a Kremlin Digger Review Essay Example

Stories of a Kremlin Digger Review Paper Article on Tales of a Kremlin Digger Bizarre thing a book I didn't care for, and I score it set higher. As it's been said, for the credit. A credit is extremely interesting for our occasions it is the main book distributed by us after the appearance of opportunity of the press, which was circulated in copy, and dynamic. Course, say, deferred out and about from a portion of the common press in the capital. They brought a couple of duplicates, and there is with the end goal that nothing could doterpet individuals and let Photocopier. At that point, on receipt of dissemination in Moscow, the procedure of independently publishing securely quenched, yet reality is truth - .? Since the late eighties this has not occurred with any book So what is it With regards to my average biased perspective, so that is the thing that. Some notable names of celebrated government officials: Yeltsin, Putin, Voloshin, Chubais, Nemtsov, still some there, all in all, each one of those whom I have by and by just observed on TV and about which just the Internet is something out there perusing. Concurring Tregubova things being what they are, they don't care for one another and assemble each other a wide range of difficulty called the plots, and in corresponding with these classes with their everything except Yeltsin, energetically needed to lure the very Tregubova. In any case, it is every one of them severed (even Putin himself) and composed a book, which mentioned to us what they were slippery and exploitative and totally didn't even men of their word. For this she, of course, attempted to render retribution, yet vengeance she avoided by sheer karma, despite the fact that it stayed without work and upkeep. And this with a wide range of delicious i nsights concerning which, obviously, nobody could never compose. To put it plainly, disgusting doggy face of intensity turned out in the entirety of its greatness. We will compose a custom article test on Tales of a Kremlin Digger Review explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on Tales of a Kremlin Digger Review explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on Tales of a Kremlin Digger Review explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Why not preferred? Since it isn't understood that she needed to impart. What they there away from plain view precluded strategies are utilized? Furthermore, that we are kids, and that we are in their workplaces in the equivalent doesn't hold. Astonished. The way that they are there and more mutts? A male who isn't from men? No, you let me know, who isn't a canine? The way that such arrangements the nation has no glad future? Be that as it may, is the fate of all may rely upon the lawmakers? This is identical to stating that the climate relies upon the conduct of forecasters. Coincidentally, I have one companion forecaster, an uncommon jerk and a womanizer infamous and expert, said significant. So what's going on with I? It isn't fundamental, men of honor, to affront ladies gracious, don't! this is another motivation behind why I put this book an ideal score.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Holistic Health Assessment Approach Aged Care- myassignmenthelp

Question: Examine about theHolistic Health Assessment Approach Aged Care. Answer: Advantages of Holistic Health Assessment Approach The present spotlight on all encompassing consideration in nursing helps in upgrading the whole prosperity of the shoppers. In spite of the age, each individual is novel and merits a consideration that centers around body, soul and the people soul. In this way, all encompassing social insurance appraisal approach (HHAA) for the older people is a ceaseless procedure of human services. All encompassing patient appraisal is useful to both the medical caretakers and the buyers. All encompassing appraisal approach in the soundness of old people shapes the reason for starting and future consideration (Thompson et al., 2011). Through HHAA assortment of information and restorative correspondence, medical caretakers secure data for giving the necessary individual focused consideration to the matured. The HHAA incorporates six perspectives (Ross, Tod and Clarke, 2014). These are the physiological, sociological, mental, profound, social, and formative (Thompson et al., 2011). Appraisal helps in checking the effectiveness of the matured consideration. In (Thompson et al., 2011), the procedure additionally recognizes the decay of the buyers wellbeing to choose potential arrangements or improvement of care. Formative evaluation in HHAA helps with concocting some educated, proof based consideration choices. The methodology recognizes the buyers conduct, physical, social, social and subjective advancement as people adapt to mature age (Ross, Tod and Clarke, 2014). This perspective additionally centers around diets and drug where an individual is being assisted with recuperating from a specific sickness (Scholl et al., 2014). Then again, the otherworldly part of HHAA focuses on the matured people convictions and qualities. Now, HHAA suggests regard for the perspectives and qualities that the older hang on otherworldly issues (Khanassov et al., 2016). HHAA additionally prompts medical caretakers and parental figures in guaranteeing that the old people are OK with a conversation about their profound issues and suppositions. In (Khanassov et al., 2016), the work found that addressing profound requirements for the matured cause them to feel acknowledged in the general public. Social comprehension and mindfulness is another part of HHAA in old consideration. Culture affects people groups wellbeing. HHAA helps in making attention to the matured social setting and guarantees that the consideration gave contemplates the touchy social practices. In many nations, social security and competency are a piece of the nursing courses which demonstrates its significance in HHAA (Thompson et al., 2011). When offering care to the matured, social effect are obvious through family customs, elements, convictions, qualities, and social characters. Significance of Person-Focused Care Plan Individual focused arranging (PCP) to the matured causes them to know, create, and to comprehend their contemporary and future expectations (Khanassov et al., 2016). From this comprehension, the matured figure out how to set needs for their present and future changes. Along these lines, PCP stands like an umbrella for exact methodologies planned for helping older people to structure their fates. PCP on the matured encourages them to utilize social consideration administrations and plan for their conveyance. PCP seems, by all accounts, to be a casual yet relevant strategy for giving the customers chances for controlling the manner in which they get social administrations. Furthermore, PCP is tied in with taking a gander at somebody in entire not at all like exclusively concentrating on the difficulties (Scholl et al., 2014). This by itself makes PCP a positive methodology of working. PCP likewise makes mindfulness and a comprehension of how individuals ought to react to the matured consideration circumstance. It offers people with information on adjusting between what is important to old people in their way of life and what isn't. PCP additionally serves an essential job in the division of obligations to those working in the matured consideration part (Ross, Tod and Clarke, 2014). Individual Centered Planning (PCP) thinks about the independence, self-assurance, relationship, personal satisfaction, and incorporation for matured individuals (Ross, Tod and Clarke, 2014). The guideline of consideration in PCP for supports end of assorted variety and production of a situation that advances thriving and potential augmentation (Scholl et al., 2014). Consideration advances uniformity in the division of chances and assets over all the ages life expectancy. Different territories of thought in PCP incorporates backing for the advancement of positive practices, natural stock, and self-assurance. A portion of the exercises for the advancement of constructive practices in PCP includes surveying a people abilities and wants (Scholl et al., 2014). Further, advancement of positive reactions incorporates contemplating the potential issue with the goal that the general public can draw in an arrangement for dealing with that issue. A portion of the arrangements incorporate proactive systems that expansion versatile practices. Talk about the Importance of Person-Centered Care. Individual focused consideration (PCC) is a methodology that urges individuals to think and do things that centers around pondering the wellbeing of buyers and social administrations as two key players in evaluating improvement, and checking care to guarantee that it fits the purchasers needs (Khanassov et al., 2016). At the end of the day, it is permitting people and their families to have an influence in dynamic procedure, and taking a gander at them as the specialists in their consideration (Ross, Tod and Clarke, 2014). PCC on more established people is a technique where wellbeing administrations places care in the hands of the individual and their relatives. This methodology permits the purchasers to shape the consideration in a manner it tends to their necessities. There are different advantages for PCC. At the point when wellbeing suppliers collaborate with purchasers, they build up a relationship which helps both the customer wellbeing administrations suppliers to realize their customers well. From this understanding, wellbeing administrations figure out how to give care or administration that explicitly centers around the people needs (Khanassov et al., 2016). In this way, PCC advances and encourages a customers commitment. At the point when purchasers are locked in, they become chiefs with regards to how they feel, and what they preferer (Ross, Tod and Clarke, 2014). Moreover, as this connection between the clinicians and the buyers create, it makes regard for the customers inclination, culture, and qualities. Similar causes clinicians to perceive shoppers self-governance and their nobility. The idea of coordination and respectability is another component of PCC. This idea centers around organization. By and large, the matured express sentiments defenselessness and weak when they are battling with a sickness (Ross, Tod and Clarke, 2014). Division of forces and duties in the administration of care can reduce such sentiments. By and large, the executives of care, coordination of help administrations, and keeping buyers on the cutting edge can limit the feeling of weakness. PCC accompanies availability and adaptability in the administrations. The essential focal point of PCC in mature age is guaranteeing that care is consistently accessible to the customers (Khanassov et al., 2016). Additionally, while offering these administrations, both the parental figures and wellbeing administrations need to remember the qualities and inclinations of the matured. More than that, PCC guarantees that administrations are given on schedule, they are finished, and they are precise. Another advantage of PCC to the matured people is the physical help and passionate help to the matured. Simultaneously, physical solace implies a ton to one's day by day encounters. Older people should be cherished, and they have to see that others are treating them with poise. They need help with torment the executives, food and other reasonable conditions in their condition (Khanassov et al., 2016). Physical help means passionate help. When there is physical help, there is likewise lightening of dread and uneasiness (Scholl et al., 2014). PCC requires focusing on a physical status that causes mental elements, anticipation and treatment, and guess (Scholl et al., 2014). End Initially, there is a developing to concentrating on the customers with the point of engaging them to involve a functioning situation in their consideration. From the beginning, enrolled medical attendants must play the main job in initiative to guarantee that there is a comprehensive evaluation in the matured people. Human services for the matured likewise requires PCP. As talked about above, PCP includes approaches concentrated on helping the matured to get ready for their lives and backing. PCP fills in as an apparatus that is consistently there as an arranging model to assist individuals with improving their self-assurance and become progressively free. Further, PCC additionally has a fundamental impact in matured consideration. In matured consideration, PCC is a sociopsychological way to deal with care that recognizes the singularity in matured people concerning their perspectives and the nature of care rehearses around them. PCC approach perceives the presence of neglected necessities that influence the whole individual's wellbeing. The PCC techniques enable human services laborers and families to recognize and actualize a way to deal with these neglected needs. Reference List Ross, H., Tod, A. furthermore, Clarke, A. (2014). Understanding and accomplishing individual focused consideration: the attendant point of view. Diary of Clinical Nursing, 24(9-10), pp.1223-1233. Scholl, I., Zill, J., Hrter, M. furthermore, Dirmaier, J. (2014). An Integrative Model of Patient- Thompson, H., Demiris, G., Rue, T., Shatil, E., Wilamowska, K., Zaslavsky, O. furthermore, Reeder, B. (2011). A Holistic Approach to Assess Older Adults' Wellness Using e-Health Technologies. Telemedicine and e-Health, 17(10), pp.794-800. Khanassov, V., Pluye, P., Descoteaux, S., Haggerty, J., Russell, G., Gunn, J. furthermore, Levesque, J. (2016). Authoritative mediations improving access to network based essential human services for defenseless populaces: a perusing survey. Universal Journal for Equity in Health, 15(1).

Friday, August 14, 2020

Mild, Moderate, and Severe Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

Mild, Moderate, and Severe Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Addiction Alcohol Use Print How to Gauge the Severity of Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on December 02, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD on December 02, 2019 More in Addiction Alcohol Use Binge Drinking Withdrawal and Relapse Children of Alcoholics Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can occur when you suddenly stop using alcohol after regular excessive drinking and can range from severe to mild.?? Severe withdrawal symptoms can be quite serious and in rare situations, they can actually be fatal. Because they can worsen over time, its important to know whether your symptoms are getting more severe so you can seek help. The most severe symptoms usually occur between two and five days after you stop drinking, which means that the first day or two may not be a good indicator of your risk of serious problems.?? Moderate vs. Excessive Drinking The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines moderate drinking as up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.?? Moderate drinking is considered safe for most people over the age of 21. A drink is generally defined as: 12 ounces of beer8 ounces of malt liquor5 ounces of wine containing1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled liquor or spirits, such as whiskey, gin, rum, or vodka Excessive drinking is defined by the CDC as heavy drinking, binge drinking, or drinking thats done by anyone who is pregnant or under the age of 21.?? Binge drinking means youve been consuming multiple drinks during one occasion. For women, thats four or more drinks and for men, its five or more. Heavy drinking occurs when women have eight or more drinks a week and men have 15 or more drinks per week. The majority of people who drink excessively do not have an alcohol use disorder and/or arent dependent on alcohol.?? Quiz: Could You Have an Alcohol Abuse Problem? How Withdrawal Works If youre a heavy drinkerâ€"even if youre not an alcoholicâ€"youre likely to experience at least some symptoms if you stop drinking suddenly.?? Most people use alcohol to relieve anxiety and relax. Alcohol provides this outcome by increasing the effects of GABA, a neurotransmitter responsible for creating feelings of calm and euphoria. It also decreases glutamate, another neurotransmitter that creates excitability. Heavy drinking makes it harder and harder to increase GABA and decrease glutamate, so more and more alcohol is required for the same outcome. Your body becomes accustomed to these changes and responds by producing more glutamate and less GABA. When you suddenly stop drinking, you are no longer impacting these two neurotransmitters, but your body is still over producing glutamate and underproducing GABA. As a result, you may become hyper excited: anxious, restless, and shaky.?? If you were a heavy drinker, your symptoms may be much more severe, progressing to tremors, seizures, and serious high blood pressure. Common Withdrawal Symptoms If youve been regularly drinking excessively and you stop drinking suddenly, you may experience one or more alcohol withdrawal symptoms.?? Depending on your past alcohol use, these symptoms can range from being mild and uncomfortable to severe and potentially life-threatening. Though symptoms typically begin within eight hours after your last drink, you may not experience any until several days later. These symptoms tend to spike around 24 to 72 hours after your last drink, though milder ones may persist for much longer in some people. Common symptoms include:?? Feeling anxious or nervousFeeling irritableFeeling depressedFeeling wiped out and tiredShakinessMood swingsNot being able to think clearlyHaving nightmaresDilated pupilsSweatingHeadacheDifficulty sleepingNausea and/or vomitingAppetite lossFaster heart ratePale skinTremor Severe Withdrawal Symptoms One of the most severe consequences of alcohol withdrawal is called delirium tremens, or the DTs. About 3 percent to 5 percent of people who withdraw from heavy drinking experience delirium tremens. This condition can become fatal if its left untreated, so if you or a loved one show any symptoms of the DTs, seek emergency treatment because symptoms can get worse. Symptoms of delirium tremens include: FeverExtreme agitationSeizuresExtreme confusionHallucinations (feeling, seeing, or hearing things that arent there)High blood pressure Hospitals and detox centers have experienced staff who are familiar with these symptoms and have the tools to provide appropriate treatment. Diagnosis Alcohol withdrawal is primarily diagnosed with a history and physical exam and often include blood tests to rule out other medical issues. Your doctor will look for physical signs and symptoms such as:?? Tremors in your handsFast heartbeatHigh blood pressureDilated pupilsFeverFast breathing Your doctor may also use the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol (CIWA-Ar) scale to assess how severe your symptoms are.?? This scale uses 10 questions to measure the following symptoms: Nausea and vomitingTremorSweatingAnxietyAgitationTactile disturbances, which are abnormal feelings in, on, or underneath your skinAuditory disturbances, which involve your hearingVisual disturbances, which involve your visionHeadacheConfusion Treatment Your treatment will depend on how severe your symptoms are. Mild to Moderate Symptoms If you have mild to moderate symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, you may be able to withdraw at home, but you need to have someone stay with you to make sure your symptoms dont get worse. You may need to see your doctor on a daily basis until you are stabilized as well. Your doctor may prescribe a benzodiazepine sedative such as Ativan (lorazepam), Valium (diazepam), or Klonopin (clonazepam), to help you get through the early days of withdrawal. You will probably be tested for other medical problems that are related to your alcohol use, and will likely receive counseling regarding your alcohol use. Moderate to Severe Symptoms If your symptoms are moderate to severe, you will likely need to be hospitalized so you can be monitored more closely.?? Your vital signs will be monitored, and you will have blood tests to monitor aspects of your medical status, and you may have intravenous (IV) fluids to prevent dehydration. Your doctor may also use the IV to give you medications like the sedatives listed above to help you get through the symptoms of withdrawal or medications to stop seizures or treat other potential complications. Long-Term Treatment No matter how severe or mild your symptoms, the best long-term treatment is to stop drinking completely, especially when youve already gone through withdrawal. To that end, youll need to make sure that youre living in an environment thats supportive to refraining from alcohol use. Outlook The majority of people experience a full recovery from alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Some people continue to have disruptive symptoms known as post-acute-withdrawal for months such as difficulty sleeping, fatigue, mood swings, and fatigue. A small percentage of people die from delirium tremens.?? If you have underlying medical conditions, you continue to drink heavily, and/or your organs are damaged, your recovery may not be as easy. Heavy drinking damages your organs and can lead to heart disease, liver disease, and nervous system problems, so its important to get help and treatment if youre having a hard time abstaining from using alcohol. Predicting Withdrawal Symptoms You may be wondering how severe your withdrawal symptoms could be if you quit drinking. The answer to this question will depend upon many factorsâ€"your size, age, gender, drinking habits, and genetics, among others.?? You can get a good idea of your risk level, however, by taking a quick quiz about your symptoms. The test is completely confidential and anonymous; your results are not recorded, are available only to you, and you are not asked for any personally identifying information. It can also help if youve recently stopped drinking and arent sure how serious your withdrawal symptoms are. Quiz: Your Withdrawal Symptoms This quiz is not intended as a substitute for a professional medical evaluation. It should only be used as a guide to determining if your alcohol withdrawal symptoms are such that you should seek medical attention before you attempt to quit drinking. When answering the questions, be honest with yourself. Youre the only one who will see the results of your test.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay Communication in the Planning Process - 887 Words

This paper will talk about the role of communication in the strategic and program planning process, which is necessary for managing a multidisciplinary and multicultural health care system to boost organizational effectiveness. As the report expounds, the reason as to why some health care organization become successful is because of effective management. Communicate is an important concept that carries out planning, strategies and organizations mainly through the ability to encourage coordination between managers and staff. Verbal communication is a perfect way to help a company to accomplish goals or encourage others to create goals. Communicating also provides the distinction between organizations and employees. In today’s healthcare†¦show more content†¦As an example, Departmental managers provided inadequate leadership and direction. If lower-level managers do not appreciate the importance of new strategic initiatives, they may be lax in guiding their subordinates to implement them. (III 250) The next step is to target your employees and implement the strategies. One of the challenges is five issues related to communication in health care are: listening, facilitating, interviewing, using discretion and directing. From a business perspective, listening allows employees to accomplish their goals; however, managers can also discern the needs of the situation. When employees are given choices they can initiate strategies to facilitate communication. For instance, a blueprint of a building can help staff members grasp an idea on how making it. Employees may receive information that can reinforce business values, policies, procedures and revising plans. Managers may not know to incorporate information into their plans. Managers can determine the status of their issues by having open, closed and personal questions, this leads to communication. For instance, a closed question may lead to yes or no only, while an open question builds up longer conversations. A personal question can help employees who share the same common interests with healthcare leaders. In any case, confidential communicating can develop strategies for conflict in the workplace. As an example, an employee mayShow MoreRelatedCommunication in the Planning Process Essay1528 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract Communication plays a vital role in the planning, strategic and organizing of health care organizations mainly through its ability to facilitate coordination between individuals and departments. In today’s health care environment where health care management and delivery has become convoluted and fragmented, health care organizations are required to be well coordinated in order to provide quality services. Thus as a means to an end, health care managers must learn to utilize effective communicationRead MoreThe Strategic Planning Process Requires Effective Communication And Clear Thinking1076 Words   |  5 Pagescharts, mind maps, project charts and other visuals. Developer(s): SmartDraw, LLC SmartDraw White Paper Description: The strategic planning process requires effective communication and clear thinking. Gathering and analyzing data from inside and outside of an organization and subsequently turning those data into information requires clear and concise communication between all of the involved parties. Likewise, taking the acquired information and developing an understanding of it such that appropriateRead MoreCommunication Is A Very Intricate Part Of A Successful Strategic Plan1095 Words   |  5 PagesCommunication is a very intricate part of a successful strategic plan. Collaboration with the board, executive leaders, management team all the way to front-line staff must be informed what the strategic plan is and how it relates to the mission and vision. The mission, vision, values, goals and objectives of the organization must be organizational-wide dissemination. In order to have an effective and efficient strategic plan one must first select a strategic leader to help decide what their missionRead MoreStrategic And Program Planning Process Within A Healthcare Organization Essa y877 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Communication in a healthcare organization is vital towards delivering better services. Communication is diverse in where various departments must coordinate to respond to diverse and varied needs of clients within a healthcare organization. Without proper communication, the quality of work being rendered in the healthcare facility will be compromised. That s why the healthcare organization should invest communication in strategic and program planning process within a healthcare organizationRead MoreSeven Processes Of Practical Management1638 Words   |  7 PagesSEVEN PROCESSES OF PRACTICAL MANAGEMENT - PART 1B Forecasting This is a function of management as proposed by Henri Fayol. It is a process of predicting a future event and forms the basis for reducing the risk in all decision making. Successful forecasting depends on effective qualitative (judgemental) and quantitative (mathematical) methods and the ability to analyse data and results. Forecasts are rarely perfect because of their random nature and are more accurate for grouped data and over shorterRead MoreThe Importance Of Communication, Intelligence, And Planning1680 Words   |  7 PagesCynthia Howard The Importance of Communication, Intelligence, and Planning to Prevent Terrorism Word Count: Dr. Leerburger The Importance of Communication, Intelligence, and Planning to Prevent Terrorism Terrorism is a growing threat to America and other Countries that is causing more deaths, injuries, and destruction to property and infrastructures. There are ways to reduce the effects of terrorist incidents by using intelligence, communication, and planning. The use of intelligence is oneRead MoreIdentify the stages of the Nursing Process and the skills essential to the Nursing Process1672 Words   |  7 Pagesnursing process is a five stage systematic framework, and based on the problem solving approach; it forms the foundation for nursing practice to facilitate focussed, individualised care planning for patients (Yildirim and Ozkahraman 2011). This assignment will serve to identify the five stages of the nursing process: Assessment, Nursing Diagnosis, Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. The skills: Communication, Observation, Critical Thinking and Reflection involved within the nursing process in partnershipRead MoreMarketing Communications: Process Theory and Promotiona l Mix974 Words   |  4 PagesMarketing Communications: Process, Theory, and Promotional Mix Introduction The intent of this paper is to describe the marketing communications process, contrast marketing communications with integrated marketing communications, and explain how effective marketing integration improves communication. The essential elements of the promotional mix are also analyzed. The foundational elements of the marketing communications process are a critical component that contributes to the attainment of strategicRead MoreHow The Supply Chain Planning Is An Integral Part Of Any Business1240 Words   |  5 PagesWays to improve Supply Chain Planning The supply chain is an integral part of any business. Without the increased attempts to improve the process we go through to get products from the beginning of the chain to the end, great delays in progress will occur. It is vital for companies of all sizes to continue their efforts of making improvements to the supply chain and planning for its success. This is where supply chain planning enters the picture. Supply chain planning is the attempt to improve theRead MoreDeveloping Future Police Managers?1343 Words   |  6 Pagessupervisory or managerial coverage until the supervisor or manager returns, of if they have left the organization, replaced. Rothwell (2008) discussed that that succession planning was once thought to be just for the chief executive officer of an organization or their top reports (p.138). However, he noted that succession planning can be used for any position within an organization where there is a future anticipated need (Rothwell, 2008, p. 138). The top management position with the organization is

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Steve Jobs By Walter Isaacson - 1221 Words

Steve Jobs was a skillful leader and an inspirational figure because he led Apple, Inc. from a eminent doom to a superpower in the technology industry. Jobs, a natural born leader, was a co-founder, chairman, and CEO of Apple. In addition, he was a founder and CEO of NeXT, Inc. and chairman of Pixar. Under his leadership, the companies he led revolutionised the technology industry. The book I read is Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson. Jobs was born in 1955 to Joanne Schieble, who decided to put Jobs up for adoption upon her father’s request. Steve was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs, but he would â€Å"later bristle whenever anyone referred to Paul and Clara Jobs as his â€Å"adoptive† parents or implied that they were not his â€Å"real† parents. â€Å"They were my parents 1,000%,† he said.† He said that his biological parents were just â€Å"my sperm and egg bank.† (Isaacson 5) The new family moved to a suburb in Mountain View, California when Steve was five years old, which is where he would live out most of his childhood. Job’s adoptive father, Paul, was a car mechanic and in many ways influenced Steve to be interested in mechanics and why things worked. Who really got Steve involved in the electronic world, on the other hand, were the engineers who worked at Hewlett-Packard and other companies in the area. In school, Steve was rebellious and a regular troublemak er, although he was insanely smart. Near the end of fourth grade, his advanced class teacher had him tested, and he scored at a tenthShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Book Steve Jobs By Walter Isaacson916 Words   |  4 PagesA book review of â€Å"Steve Jobs† by Walter Isaacson Walter Isaascon’s account of Steve Jobs in some way is a product developed from the mind of its subject. Even though Steve Jobs was categorical that he would not interfere with the creation of book, he handpicked Walter Isaacson to pen his legacy for all. The fact that he settled for Isaacson does not come as a surprise. While it may be agreed that great men are always not nice men, it can be excused if they are geniuses. Isaacson started his examinationRead MoreWalter Isaacson s Biography Of Steve Jobs Without Feeling As If One Grew Up With Him940 Words   |  4 Pages It’s difficult to read Walter Isaacson’s biography of Steve Jobs without feeling as if one grew up with him. Many books have been written about the Apple icon, but Walter Isaacson is the only writer with whom Jobs has ever agreed to collaborate. Walter Isaacson explores Jobs’s complex personality, from his childhood to his death in 2011. He highlights how Jobs’s desire for desire f or control, passion for design, and perfection affected him as an innovator, father, and husband. Despite his complicatedRead MoreLeadership Analysis : Steve Jobs923 Words   |  4 PagesNapoleon Bonaparte, Bill Gates, and Steve jobs that has shown good communication skills, confidence in themselves, and the ability to manage others and embrace change ,these characterize are founded in good leaders, but one leader that stand out is Steve Jobs. Steve Jobs was born in San Francisco on February 24, 1955. In 1976 Steve Jobs and his close friend Wozniak started Apple Computer. Steve Jobs began in his family garage, but to fund their small business â€Å"Jobs sold his Volkswagen bus and WozniakRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Steve Jobs By Malcolm Gladwell1165 Words   |  5 PagesRhetorical Analysis- Steve Jobs Given the task of conceptualizing a man who truly changed the realm of technology as we know it today, my mind secludes one person. That person is Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computer, now known simply as Apple. For this rhetorical analysis, I will be using three biographies/profiles about Jobs including â€Å"The Real Genius of Steve Jobs† by Malcolm Gladwell with The New Yorker (June 19, 2017), â€Å"Jobs’ Biography; Thoughts on Life, Death, and Apple† from NPR (OctoberRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Steve Jobs1178 Words   |  5 PagesRhetorical Analysis- Steve Jobs Given the task of conceptualizing a man who truly changed the realm of technology as we know it today, my mind secludes one person. That person is Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computer, now known simply as Apple. For this rhetorical analysis, I will be using three biographies/profiles about Jobs including â€Å"The Real Genius of Steve Jobs† by Malcolm Gladwell with The New Yorker (June 19, 2017), â€Å"Jobs’ Biography; Thoughts on Life, Death, and Apple† from NPR (OctoberRead MoreInfluential Leaders Of Todays Largest Companies1271 Words   |  6 Pagesour time, the late Steve Jobs. The paper will examine his leadership style, his greatest success, and his most significant challenge, providing a peek into what made him successful. Steve Jobs the Leader The late Steve Jobs was a transformational leader. He was an enigma that was a creative genius, but a selfish and abrasive leader of people. He was selected because he is anything but ordinary. Great leaders who do amazing things are often anything but ordinary. â€Å"Steve Jobs co-founded Apple inRead MoreArgumentative Essay About Self Reliance755 Words   |  4 Pagesof accomplishing this then vise versa. For instance, this can be seen in Henry Kissinger a US politician who grew up with an uncanny intellect because he was fostered as a little child to read the torah and various other books, (Kissinger by Walter Isaacson). Likewise in comparison Abraham Lincoln grew up in an environment that had disdain for knowledge (Lincoln’s father) and in turn did not gather intelligence as fast as Kissinger, (A Self Made Man: The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln Vol 1 1809-1849Read Moreâ€Å"My Passion Has Been To Build An Enduring Company Where1752 Words   |  8 PagesEverything else was secondary†, said Steve Jobs towards the end of his life during an interview, with the author of â€Å"Steve Jobs† Walter Isaacson, when asked how he hoped his legacy would be remembered (567). From the beginning of life to the end of life, Steve Jobs would be going through a constant battle for perfection. This was not only exemplified through his products, like the Apple II to the iPhone, but through the people he worked with. Walter Isaacson describes this all out war in Job’s mindRead MorePublic Speaking Outline - Steve Jobs1336 Words   |  6 Pageswatching Netflix. It’s hard to deny the influence and impact that Steve Jobs has had on modern culture. B. Reason to Listen: My name is Eduardo Salazar and like many of you I too can’t live without technology and though my personal devices haven’t always been Apple products. More often than not if the device I was using wasn’t an apple product it was inspired by an apple device. C. Thesis Statement: Today I will be talking about how Steve Jobs revolutionized the way the world uses and incorporates technologyRead MoreCritical Thinking About Steve Jobs1429 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction 2 Steve Jobs is the chosen one 3 Explore myself and Successful lesson 4 Reference 5 Introduction In this assignment report gives us some different positions of one person and analyzes that to recognize strength or weakness of myself by using information from Critical Thinking Slides. I also define any changes in my mind when I have an opportunity to comparing my own with the chosen one. All this information was created by individual and collected from the books: * Steve Jobs a biography

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Experiences of Families of Child/Children Free Essays

The researcher wants to know the struggles, trials, loopholes and problems that families experience and encounter with regards to their child with the case of Emotional Disorder. The researcher notice that this disorder has different categories and types, and it is according to the type and level of severity. i. We will write a custom essay sample on Experiences of Families of Child/Children or any similar topic only for you Order Now e. Bi polar syndrome, oppositional defiant, anxiety disorder and the obsessive compulsive disorder. These four kinds are also iincluded in the two major types of the disorder, the externalizing or what we call acting out, and the internalizing which we call acting in. In addition the researcher wants to know how the families of these children handle the situation of their kids. The hurdles and the trials that they are facing as they continually experience the problems that this disability brought not only to the child, but also in their families. The researcher also want to find some ways to help the families of these children on how to prevent or to help their children to go out in this battle of disability, what supports, interventions, treatment and other related services that will really help them to intervene the disability. The researcher believes that different psychological treatment will prevent the disorder to be broad to the children and it will lessen the different problems and factors that will trigger the disability to become more active. More so, families of these children can be also a big help to prevent the disability that their son or daughter is experiencing. This research will help us see the problems and experiences of the families who has a member with emotional behavioral disorder, and how wee can prevent this disability. B. Conceptual Framework Child/ Children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder ( EBD) Problems and Interventions vv Families and Society * Insults * Teasing * Neglect * Rude comments * Offensive remarks v The paradigm discusses the experiences and effects of Child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder to the family and society where they belong. The problems encountered by these children, and the possible interventions that could be made to help families with this kind of disorder. C. Statement of the Problem 1. What is Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder? 2. What are the effects of Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder to growing child/children to the family/society where he/she belong/s 3. What are the possible interventions to be made in order to help families with Child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. D. Hypotheses 1. Null hypothesis – There is no great impact and problem on the family and society of children with emotional behavioral disorder. 2. Operational Hypothesis – There is a great impact and problem on the family and society of children with emotional behavioral disorder. E. Significance of the study This study will focus on the experiences of families of child/children with emotional behavioral disorder; it will focus to the different experiences that emerge to their family, the life, the different situations and events happening to their child/children. And as parent’s, what are the things that they consider, what are the preventions that they made in order for their child/children to act in manner that will give them satisfaction. This study would help the following: * To the parent’s/families, they would greatly understand that having a child with Emotional Bbehavioral is not a problem, instead it is a test of patience. They will help them understand the difference of their child so they can do interventions and could give support to them. * To all the sstudents taking SPED, so they would greatly understand on how to handle situations, and could show more patience, love and understanding to children with Emotional Disorder. , that the existence of these children makes their profession and job worthwhile. * To educators, so that they would greatly appreciate dealing with Child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. To the government, so they would probably make government programs to help families of child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. F. Scope and Delimitations The researcher will conduct interviews to the different families who have a childchildren with emotional behavioral disorder. The researcher will prepare 20 survey questions for the 25 respondents. The researcher will use the descriptive survey. Questions will focus for what are the difficulties, what are the struggles and what are the advantages and disadvantages. These following questions will help the researcher to know what the problems that the parent’s are facing and experiencing. G. Definition of Terms 1. Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder – a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to mark a degree, which adversely affects educational performance. 2. Internalizing Bbehavior – one of the two general categories of Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, internalizing behavior mearns that it acts in, examples are: anxiety, fearfulness, withdrawal and other indications of an individual’s mood or internal state. . Externalizing Bbehavior – one of the two general categories of Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, externalizing behavior mearns acting out examples are: aggressive, disruptive behavior and directed toward others. 4. Oppositional Defiant Disorder – it go against in every situation. 5. Conduct Disorder – the mod and the attitude is persistent. 6. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – it is an anxiety disorder, fearful of rejection. 7. Bipolar Disorder – it mearns that the mood has its episodes; it goes to positive to negative, and even vice versa. Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Characteristics of sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder Children with emotional behavioral disorder are not a new problem in our society. It happens most of time among children during the pre-adolescent and adolescent age. There are countless victims of this kind of aggression and some people believe that this problem is a serious problem with long lasting consequences, not only to the children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, but also to the families in which these children belong. Compared with sstudents who have other educational disabilities, sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder experience the lowest levels of academic success. A total of 51% of those identified with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder drop out of school (U. S. Department of Education, 2002), and only one in five will attend a postsecondary school (Wagner, Kutash, Duchnowski, Epstein, ; Sumi, 2005). After high school, people with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder experience instability in employment and challenges with their mental health. Social alienation for sstudents is highly related to anxiety, depression, and conduct problems, and sstudents who are at risk for Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder may be seen as lonely, unlikable, provoking, and lacking in social competency. These negative characteristics and outcomes may be avoided or minimized with early identification and intervention. Internalizing and Externalizing Bbehaviors Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder is often identified in internalizing or externalizing categories. Internalizing behaviors are associated with problematic internal feelings, such as anxiety, sadness, reticence, fearfulness, and oversensitivity. Sstudents with externalizing behaviors tend to show outward behavioral problems that include aggression, unruliness, forcefulness, and oppositional behaviors. A few sstudents may display both internalizing and externalizing behaviors (e. g. , a student with aggressive behaviors who also displays some depressive or anxious feelings), but usually sstudents can be identified as primarily externalizing or internalizing. Screening for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors is important because sstudents with internalizing problems are easily overlooked: they typically create few discipline problems and maintain good grades, although some may have attendance problems. Teachers who are aware of sstudents who are withdrawn, anxious, fearful, and unassertive can help school teams identify them so that early interventions can be put in place. Sstudents with externalizing tendencies are more readily noticed by teachers. Such behaviors as getting out of one’s seat, provoking peers, acting aggressive and refusing to stay on task occur frequently in sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, and those behaviors often require the teacher’s attention or disciplinary actions. Sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder tend to have high numbers of office referrals for behavioral offenses. Sstudents who commit one to three behavioral offenses in sixth grade are more likely to have continued behavior problems in eighth grade and are less likely to be on track for high school graduation (Tobin ; Sugai, 1999). Gender Issues Most sstudents identified as at risk for or as having Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder are male. Surprisingly this prevalence occurs in both the external and internal categories, although male sstudents are more likely to display external behaviors than internal ones. This may be seen when adolescent males express depressive feelings externally through negative interpersonal interactions. Females are identified as being at risk less frequently, but when they are identified, they are more commonly identified as internalizes. Because males are much more likely to be identified as Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder or as at risk for Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, teachers and administrators must be sure that they are not overlooking the needs and behaviors of adolescent females in the screening process (Young, Sabbah, Young, Reiser, ; Rich-ardson, 2010). Environmental Factors Teachers often notice environmental factors. When sstudents appear hungry or tired, teachers may view them as being at risk. In addition, teachers notice sstudents who appear to have less-involved parent’s or familial stress. One group of researchers determined that nontraditional family structure, low socioeconomic status, multiple school changes, urban school atmosphere, and paren’tal dissatisfaction with the school were all predictors of school exclusion (expulsions and suspensions) for sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder (Achilles, McLaughlin, ; Croninger, 2007). Those findings suggest that heightened EBD indicators as measured by school exclusion may be influenced by a student’s environment. Quality of life issues or other environmental factors may influence the manifestation of. Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder When sstudents completed a quality of life survey, those identified as having Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder demonstrated lower feelings of self competence and reported negative relationships with others. These quality of life scores did not differ significantly across ages or between the sexes of sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. (Sacks ; Kern, 2008). Practical Issues School teams should determine who might manage the screening process and summarize its results. Further, schools should also consider what resources are available for intervention. If they have inadequate resources, screening may be inadvisable; identifying sstudents who are at risk but not providing the reasonable interventions could be considered an impractical and inappropriate use of resources. Another important issue to consider is what permissions are needed to conduct school wide screening. Typically parent’s must grant permission for their child to complete a survey or any type of measure that could identify him or her as being at risk. But if a teacher completes a measure, such as a teacher nomination form, it could be considered a typical Child Find aactivity—a normal educational process. If the teacher completes an individualized form (i. e. , the SDQ or BASC-2 BESS) for all sstudents, paren’tal permission is probably needed. Consulting with district administrators and attorneys about this issue is prudent. Confidentiality, including how the data will be stored and who will have access to the data, must be discussed before screening takes place (Young, Caldarella, Richardson, ; Young, in press). Chapter III Methodology This research uses student-made questionnaire. The research is purely a descriptive research with 20 respondents chosen randomly. The data gathered are tabulated and analyzed by finding its frequency ppercentage. A. ResearchMethod/ Design This research employs descriptive method of research. Descriptive method is used in order to find facts about Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder which is adequate in this research. The method of collecting data was the normative survey, which is looking to the commonality of the responses of the respondents using the student-made questionnaire, prepared and made by the researcher. B. Subject/Respondents/Participants This research uses 20 respondents taken from the population or families of Barangay DBB-1, Barangay DBB-F ( City of Dasmarinas) and families from Anabu II-F, City of Imus. The respondents of the study were chosen randomly. C. Statistical Tools/ Treatment/Instruments The instrument used to collect data was the questionnaire. For validation purposes the questionnaire was distributed to the twenty respondents for them to fill up. The respondents were chosen randomly. The data are collected or gathered, tabulated and analyzed by finding the mean and frequency. In analyzing the data, the researcher used the Frequency Ppercentage . Using the frequency ppercentage, the researcher will be able to determine the most number of occurrences in a certain aspect of research. D. Data Analysis The data in this research were analyzed using the following treatments: Frequency and Ppercentage. The frequency of particular observation is the number of times the observation occurs in the data. The frequency of each value or class interval is expressed as a ppercentage of the total number of observations. A ppercentage is a way of expressing a number as fraction of 100. How to cite Experiences of Families of Child/Children, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Corporate Communication Plan for Samsung Company †Free Sample

Question: Discuss about the Corporate Communication Plan for Samsung Company . Answer: Introduction A communication plan plays an integral role in the success of any business project. Cornelissen (2011) argues thatit is an essential document for complex and high-risk company tasks and as such it is imperative for the person left with the responsibility of preparing the communication program to ensure that all pertinent details are captured and issued to the relevant parties timely and in the most appealing presentation possible. This plan is mainly used to describe how the organization's stakeholders among other interested publics either internal or external will be kept informed during the business project (Society for Human Resource Management, 2006). Stakeholder identification The recall project of the company will be influenced and affected by various interested groups both internal and external. In order to provide Samsung with the basis for figuring out the point at which a concession or a standard benefit will meet, the Corporation is committed to a plan of analyzing the relevant stakeholders listed in accordance with their significance and their individual interests (Argenti, 2007). Shareholders- During the lifetime of the project Samsung Company will present the shareholders with efficiently-presented facts and figures since their interests are value-based. These individuals are expected to make their decisions hoping that the business task of recalling products will not result in any loss or side effects (Westland, 2007). The customers- The primary interest of the clients in the recalling task is the value of the new products offered as well as their safety. In addition, they are expecting the company's decision of replacing original devices will be cost-effective and result in maximum benefit. Suppliers, creditors and insurance providers- These parties take the risk of providing support to the entity. The replacement mission of Samsung Company will aim at protecting their interests by avoiding subjecting them to additional threats or losses (Kloppenborg, 2015). Objective and scope of the communication plan This communication plan aims at outlining the strategies and methodologies to be employed for the recalling task communication, distribution of information as well as how the project will be managed throughout its epoch (Project Management Institute, 2008). The principal objects of this communication program are to: Share information among the involved parties and create alignment with external shareholders to ease replacement of the initial devices and maintain customer loyalty in the products of Samsung. Identify and enhance a strategy to inform significant stakeholders. Maintain the mission of transformation of the corporations products. Manage relevant information and expectations of various interested parties (Marchewka, 2015). This communication plan will cover: Information distribution- How relevant information will be disseminated to all parties involved in the project. Communication planning-It will cover the information requirements of various stakeholders, the time they need it, format, suitable means as well as how to receive message and feedback Stakeholder management- Recognition of different task stakeholders, evaluation of their needs and interests in the company (Vandenbosch, 2003). Various formal and informal communication channels In the course of the devices replacement project, the company will employ both formal and informal communication channels. Official communications within the organization will be executed through well-known channels following a chain of command to transmit information such as the objectives, procedures, and policies of Samsung in the recalling project (Berman, 2007). Besides, the organization will make use of informal communication networks which are not based upon any set measures thus they will allow the involved parties to take inventiveness into their own hands. Informal communication channels are employed during this replacement project to enable people to come up with ideologies and plans to make the whole task successful (Sengupta, 2011). Examples of formal communication channels that Samsung purposes to utilize in this mission include circulars, minutes, board conferences and a companys newsletter that will be providing the staff members as well as customers with its set goals and vision in the replacement project (Russell, 2000). In addition, in an attempt to back up the efforts of the annual reports and employers manual, Samsung will conduct client satisfaction surveys all which will encompass formal communication networks. However, the corporation has thought it wise to consider the merits and demerits associated with various official communication channels to test their suitability and effectiveness during the execution of the recalling project (DuBrin, 2009). Advantages of formal communication channels Secure communication systems among the top level executives and the employees Quick task accomplishment since they enable various parties to communicate with ease Ease of coordination and cooperation of activities throughout the lifetime of the project Disadvantages of formal communication channels Inflexibility since these communication systems do not allow somebody to change their views when the need be. Lack of initiative hence deprived creativeness of employees because everybody is expected to do their duty by adhering to a predetermined set system (UNEP Dams and Development Project, 2007). Moreover, informal communication channels are considered suitable for the devices recalling process since they empower members handling routine customer issues and problems in various branches around the world. Informal discussions will mainly take place among the staff members to exchange their individual views primarily to satisfy the social needs of product buyers (Glenn, 2014). Examples of such communications include grapevine network which spreads throughout the firm and in every direction without putting into consideration the levels of authority. It is through grapevine that rumors will go around and deliberations which will transform into friendships outside the company (Lu, 2003). Besides, Samsung will include other informal communication platforms such as Twitter, Videos, Cartoons, and Facebook. Advantages of informal communication Speedy and spontaneous because information flows in these systems will be faster comparatively. Helps in establishing social relationships as they offer different parties a chance to associate well in a free environment Informal communication networks will aid in supplementing formal channels since there are some matters which cannot be communicated formally. Disadvantages of informal communication Unreliable information since most of the messages received through these systems are not relevant Informal communication networks may lead to the disclosure of confidential information which can be deemed detrimental to the company ( Heldman, Cram, 2004). Commentary about how I will critically evaluate the effectiveness of your communications plan. In an attempt to ensure a splendid communication strategy during the companys project, I will conduct a thorough evaluation of this communication plan both during its execution and after its implementation. Carrying out the evaluation during the implementation will allow me to make necessary adjustments and response to new information during the project (Doak, Doak, In Fischhoff, In Brewer, In Downs, United States, 2011). Conducting analysis after its execution will most probably provide me with valuable lessons for future company projects. Evaluation of this communication strategy will take place throughout the project lifetime through holding regular official meetings to acquire updates and identify more needs of various interested parties. Another way I will evaluate the plan is through interactions with the customers and other target groups involved in the process (Haddow, Haddow, 2014). Conclusion A communication plan is a critical tool for the success of any business project. This strategy highlights imperative intricacies deemed essential throughout the lifetime of the organization task. For instance, Samsung after a careful adherence to the details included in this communication plan will be able to meet the needs of all affected customers by recalling some devices posing a safety risk to them. Besides, as depicted in the paper, a communication plan includes various information flow channels which can be used in the process as well as their merits and demerits. Summarily this program serves as a valuable tool for revealing critical details before the actual implementation of the project. References Cornelissen, J. (2011). Corporate Communication: A Guide to Theory and Practice. Society For Human Resource Management (E?. U.). (2006). The essentials of corporate communications and public relations. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press. Argenti, P. A. (2007). Strategic corporate communication. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Pub. Co. Project Management Institute. (2008). A guide to the project management body of knowledge: (PMBOK Guide). Newtown Square, Pa: Project Management Institute. Sengupta, S. (2011). Business and managerial communication. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Limited. Russell, L. (2000). Project management for trainers: Stop "winging it" and get control of your training projects. Alexandria, Va: ASTD. DuBrin, A. J. (2009). Essentials of management. Mason, OH: Thomson Business Economics. Lu, X.-A. (2003). "Public Secrets" as a phenomenon in organizational communication: How public knowledge fails to become organizational action. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Doak, L. G., Doak, C. C., In Fischhoff, B., In Brewer, N. T., In Downs, J. S., United States. (2011). Communicating risks and benefits: An evidence-based user's guide. Haddow, G. D., Haddow, K. (2014). Disaster communications in a changing media world. Westland, J. (2007). The project management lifecycle: A complete step-by-step methodology for initiating, planning, executing and closing a project successfully. London: Kogan Page. Berman, J. (2007). Maximizing project value: Defining, managing, and measuring for optimal return. New York: Amacom, American Management Association. Glenn, T. (2014). Professional communications in the public sector: A practical guide. UNEP Dams and Development Project., UNEP Dams and Development Project. (2007). Dams and development: Relevant practices for improved decision-making: a compendium of relevant practices for improved decision-making on dams and their alternatives. Nairobi: UNEP-DDP Secretariat. Kloppenborg, T. J. (2015). Contemporary project management: Organize, plan, perform. Vandenbosch, B. (2003). Designing solutions for your business problems: A structured process for managers and consultants. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Heldman, W., Cram, L. (2004). Project+ study guide. San Francisco: Sybex. Marchewka, J. T. (2015). Information technology project management: Providing measurable Organizational value.